Crowded teeth are one of the most common orthodontic problems. In this article, we will discuss your treatment options and show you how to straighten crowded or crooked teeth.

Most often, when your teeth become crowded, it’s due to lack of space for all of the teeth to properly fit. This condition is also known as teeth overcrowding.

What problems come with crowded teeth ?

Crowded teeth make teeth cleaning more of a challenge, as it is hard to properly eliminate all of the plaque on and between the teeth. Consequently, the risk of tooth decay, gingivitis, and periodontal disease increases.

Moreover, it makes people feel self-conscious about their appearance and affect their self-esteem.


Treatment options for crowded teeth

Correcting your crowded teeth is critical for a healthy mouth. A proper treatment will give you straighter teeth, a better bite, a more attractive smile, and healthier teeth and gums.

In most cases, you will be referred to a specialized orthodontist, although most dentists are trained to treat minor orthodontic problems. Your dentist and orthodontist will guide you in making the best choice of orthodontic treatment based on your unique situation and needs.

Types of orthodontic correction for overcrowded teeth

  • Dental braces

    Braces are the most common type of orthodontic correction. Traditional dental braces are used to straighten teeth affected by crowding, protrusions, alignment issues, irregular spacing and/or crookedness.

    Braces can be fixed or removable:

    • Fixed braces are worn all the time and can only be removed by your dentist.
    • Removable braces can be taken out of your mouth; however, orthodontists will advise against repeated, long-term removal of the appliance for optimal results.

    Braces consist of brackets and arch-wires placed across the teeth, with elastic ties used to secure them. Brackets are attached to the teeth with light-cured dental cement, which can be color-matched to the shade of the teeth.

  • The flexible arch wires that are attached to the brackets apply constant pressure, which helps to reposition the teeth based on the treatment plan. The brackets can be metal, ceramic, or composite:

    • metal braces are the strongest and work best for severe crowding or complex bite problems
    • ceramic brackets are slightly weaker, but the fact they are tooth-colored makes them more attractive to many patients
    • in some cases, patients can have metal brackets attached to the back of the teeth in order to appear less noticeable